Metadata and Reference Instructions
The journal Izvestiya Krymskoi Astrofizicheskoi Observatorii is a peer-reviewed scientific journal which publishes research articles in astronomy and astrophysics.
Requirements of Papers
The manuscript should consist of the following elements:
- Title page
- Figures (if any)
- Tables (if any)
The title of the paper should be concise yet informative.
Authors and addresses
For every manuscript, all authors and all addresses should be listed.
Department, Institution, Street Address, City Postal Code, Country
Addresses should contain e-mail addresses where possible. A number should precede each address and the authors' names should be marked with the appropriate numerical superscript.
Authors should provide an abstract normally of not more than 230−250 words. The abstract should be self-contained, summarizing concisely the content and conclusions of the paper.
4−6 key words should be given following the abstract.
Manuscripts should be divided into sections and subsections. All sections must have a short title. Abbreviations of concepts, methods, instruments, observatories, etc., may be used throughout the text but the full wording with the abbreviation in parentheses should be given once in the Abstract (if appropriate) and/or once at the first place of mention in the main text.
Figures and tables
All figures and tables must be numbered, accompanied by a suitable caption, and be mentioned in the text in the correct numerical order. The author should insert the figures and tables to where the figures and tables should appear in the article. Tables should be prepared using LaTeX. Do not divide columns in a table by vertical lines. The heading and the end of the table should be divided by horizontal lines; if the table width exceeds the margins, you can minimize the font size, but not less than \footnotesize.
Figures must be of very good quality, and should preferably be in Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) format. EPS files should be saved with a minimum amount of white space around the illustration, and must contain a bounding box. Incorrectly constructed EPS files can cause problems when trying to combine the text with all the figures into one single PS file. The bounding box of the EPS file should encompass the entire visible area of the image. Ideally, the EPS file should be scaled to the final size and have the desired aspect ratio. Do not alter the aspect ratio using LaTeX code.
Scalar variables are italic; vectors are bold italic (no arrows); matrices are bold font. Differential d, complex i, exponential e, sin, cos, tan, log, etc., are roman (not italic). Use periods rather than commas in decimals. Sub/superscripts that are physical variables are italic, while those that are merely labels are roman (e.g. Ct and Fν but Teff and bmax). Equations should be punctuated as part of the sentence. Numbering of equations should follow the convention (1), (2)… throughout the whole paper.
The journal Izvestiya Krymskoi Astrofizicheskoi Observatorii uses the Harvard referencing style (i.e. author-year). It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure the accuracy of their references. This is particularly important for the online version of the journal, where links are provided to cited references. If the reference details are wrong then the links will fail, and the citations will not be counted in bibliographic databases.
Citations in Text
In-text citations contain the author(s)’s or editor(s)’s surname and year of publication. Using an example author, this takes the form:
The observations of Mitchell (2008)... Or (Mitchell, 2017).
When citing a source with two authors, state all surnames like so:
The observations of Mitchell and Smith (2008) …
Or (Mitchell, Coyne, 2017).
Papers by three or more authors are cited by the first author followed by ‘et al.’ and the date (Mitchell et al., 1994).
For several papers by the same author(s), use (Mitchell, 1992, 1995) or Smith et al. (2000a, b) show that…
When several papers are cited in brackets, list the in-text citations in the normal way but with semicolons between different references: (Smith et al., 1990; Mitchell et al., 1995).
No Author: If possible, use the organization responsible for the post in place of the author. If not, use the title in italics: (A guide to citation, 2017).
The reference list should include no bold or italic and no commas after author surnames. All sources cited in the text and tables must appear in the reference list at the end of the manuscript, and all entries in the reference list must be cited in the manuscript. Reference entries should be ordered alphabetically, starting with the last name of the first author, followed by the first author’s initial(s). For articles with more than five authors, the last name and initials of the first three authors only should be listed, followed by a comma and “et al.”
If any catalogs, databases, instrument documentation, electronic conference proceedings, electronic journals, and other stable (non-changing) documents available online should be listed in the reference list in the same manner as other references. Some catalogues, databases and software do provide guidelines on how they should be cited − if so then these guidelines should be followed. URLs for all other electronic resources, such as personal web pages, general informational sites for organizations, telescopes, surveys, projects, proposals, sites for uploading computer or mathematical code, and other sites whose content regularly changes, should be given in a footnote at first mention in the text, but not listed in the reference list.
References to articles in preparation, preprints, or other sources generally not available to readers should be avoided if possible. Check preprint references in case any of these have been formally published since your manuscript was prepared; if the preprints have not been published, please give the reference (e.g, arXiv) number and the journal to which the work has been submitted. Private communications, unpublished works, and articles in preparation should be cited only in the run of text, giving authors’ initials and the year, that is Smith (2009, in preparation).
Examples of styles for some common reference forms are given below.
Author Surname A., Year Published. Journal short title, volume number, issue number, pages.
Zirin H. and Lazareff B., 1975. Sol. Phys., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 425−438.
Rix H.V., 1998. Astron. Astrophys. Trans., in press.
Author Surname A., Year Published. Title, ed. Publisher, City.
Zombeck M., 1990. Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, UK.
Article or chapter in an edited book
Author Surname A., Year Published. in Editor(s), Title. Publisher, City, p. Pages Used.
Huchra J.A., 1986. In Kolb E.W., et al. (Eds), Inner Space, Outer Space. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press, p. 65.
Author Surname A., Year Publeshed. Catalog title, Publisher, City
Hoffleit, D., 1982. The Bright Star Catalogue, Yale Univ. Obs., New Haven.
Kukarkin B.V., Kholopov P.N., Efremov Yu.N., et al., 1969. General Catalogue of Variable Stars, 3rd ed., Astronomical Council of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow.
Ritter H. and Kolb U., 2016. Catalogue of Cataclysmic Binaries, Low-Mass X-Ray Binaries and Related Objects. Available at: http://www.mpa-garching.mpg.de/RKcat/ (Accessed: 15 December 2016).
Author Surname A., Year Published. in Editor(s), Conference series title and number. Journal short title, Publisher, City, p. Pages Used.
Garrido R., 2000. In Brege M., Montgomery M.H. (Eds), Delta Scuti and Related Stars, ASP Conf. Ser. Astron. Soc. Pac., San Francisco: ASP, vol. 210, p. 67.
Castelli F. and Kurucz R.L., 2003. In Piskunov N., Weiss W.W., and Gray D.F. (Eds), Modelling of Stellar Atmospheres, Proc. 210th IAU Symp. San Francisco: ASP, p. A20.
Electronic Conference Proceedings (published only online)
Gomez M., 2000. in Bento M.C., Bertolami O., Teodoro L. (Eds), Cosmology 2000. Inst. Superio Tecnico, Lisbon, id. 2.1. Available at: http://alfa.ist.utl.pt/~bento/cosmo2000/proc/proceedings.html (Accessed: 25 December 2018).
Author Surname A., Year Publeshed. preprint (preprint series and number).
Smith A.B., 1999. preprint (astro-ph/9912345).
Author Surname A., Year Published. Title (Level). Institution Name.
Stevens A. L., 2018. New techniques for understanding rapid X-ray variability from compact objects (PhD thesis). Univ. of Amsterdam, Netherlands.