Geodynamical monitoring of the Crimean peninsula using GNSS-, VLBI- and SLR-technologies
The Geodynamical Test Area “Simeiz – Katsiveli” involves three complementary observation technologies – VLBI, satellite laser ranging and navigation system GLONASS/GPS. The aim of the program for geodynamical monitoring of the Crimean Peninsula is a deployment of the multi-purpose local system for geodynamical and ecological monitoring of the Crimea using GNSS-, VLBI- and SLR-technologies to detect displacement and deformation of the Earth’s crust. Constituents: creation of a system for the coordinate-time monitoring of the Crimean Peninsula and implementation of the geokinematic monitoring; geological and geophysical argumentation of the geokinematic model; improvement of current local models of ionosphere and troposphere according to the data from GNSS and other specific measurements; using of the opportunities of permanent GLONASS/GPS-network of the system to support all applications of the high-accuracy geodetic survey, differential navigation and other applied tasks. Objectives of the system: supporting of the fundamental coordinate-time base in the Crimea by means of permanent GNSS-, VLBIand SLR-observations; continuous 24-hour control of variations in coordinates of the GLONASS/GPSstation network including reference stations and rover receivers at the accuracy level “first millimeters – first centimeters”; monitoring of both slow and large-scale tectonic processes and the control of “fast” deformations in local earthquake and landslide zones of the Crimea.
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