Solar cosmic rays
The centennial investigations of cosmic rays by numerous research teams of astrophysicists have not led to an understanding of the physics of acceleration of the detected particles. The most popular acceleration mechanisms are associated with shock waves. However, possible acceleration mechanisms of cosmic rays in shock waves are only hypotheses. The neutron monitors demonstrate the proton spectrum with energies up to 20 GeV, generated by the Sun, and give the opportunity to clarify the mechanism of cosmic ray generation. A number of phenomena, associated with acceleration and propagation to the Earth of the accelerated particles, become available for observation. In this paper we analyze the proton flux with energy of ~ 100 MeV measured with GOES devices. The connection of proton events with specific flares and specific active regions is demonstrated.
PDF downloads: 17